Safety basics

Munkavédelmi alapok

What is occupational safety and health (OSH)? What is the risk assessment? Do I have to deal with these, at all? And if so, how seriously?

These are the questions business leaders wonder about, when they first time hear the phrase “occupational safety and health“.

LET’S START AT THE BEGINNING…

The purpose of OSH is to avoid and prevent accidents and health damage, which is supported by the development of safe working conditions and the basic knowledge of the OSH regulations.

Of course we will help you with learning of OSH rules and regulations.

IMPORTANT TO KNOW!!! … that the below article only contains an extract of the basic tasks, and does not cover all the OSH tasks, as a business shall meet diverse regulations during its operation. We do not mention here among others the handling of hazardous substances, safety coordination in the construction industry, etc…

1. Risk assessment

The employer must have a risk assessment in which the risks to the safety and health of employees are analysed. This must be done before starting the business. Risk assessment can only be carried out by an OSH professional.

You can learn more about risk assessment here.

2. Medical examinations

The employee must undergo a preliminary job aptitude examination before taking up employment. Thereafter, the examination shall be repeated with the frequency specified in the “medical examination regulations”. The procedures and results of these examinations shall be documented in written form by the employer.

3. Safety induction

Occupational safety and health induction shall be provided to employees when taking up employment and repeated annually, and shall be documented. Within the framework of theoretical education, the employee must get information on the regulations, standards and rules of conduct relating to safe and healthy working. The acquisition of general and occupational safety and health knowledge necessary to the workplace, role and function shall be ensured. The training shall also include the appropriate behavior in an emergency case or extraordinary working conditions.

You can learn more about the safety induction here.

4. OSH representative

An OSH representative must be elected at employers with more than 20 employees. The OSH representative represents the interests of employees and participates in consultations. They also cooperate with the employer to develop a safe and healthy working environment.

5. Personal protective equipment policy

Providing employees with personal protective equipment is the obligation and responsibility of the employer.

The personal protective equipment policy is defined by the employer in writing. Carrying out this task is qualified as professional occupational safety and health activity.

Act XCIII/1993 on Occupational Safety and Health 56. §

6. COMMISSIONING OF HAZARDOUS MACHINERY

You (as a Contractor or Managing Director) order the putting into operation of hazardous machinery, but prior to this the hazardous machinery must be subjected to a prior safety inspection.
This is, of course, an occupational safety and health professional activity.
The list of machinery classified as hazardous can be found in Decree 5/1993. (XII. 26.) of the Ministry of Labour, in Annexes 1/a and 1/b.
 

7. Mandatory employment of an OSH professional

Pursuant to decree 5/1993. (XII. 26.) of the Ministry of Labour, depending on the hazard class of your business and the number of employees you have, you must employ an occupational safety and health professional at least for the following working hours:
 

HAZARD CLASS I.

  • Between 1-9 employees, 1 OSH professional with secondary education in 2 hours a week
  • Between 10-49 employees, 1 OSH professional with secondary education in 2 hours a day
  • Between 50-500 employees, 1 OSH professional with secondary education in 4 hours a day
  • Between 501-1000 employees, 1 OSH professional with tertiary education in full time
  • Above 1000 employees, 1 OSH professional with tertiary education in full time and
  • after every 600 employees 1-1 OSH professional with secondary education in full time. (So for example, at 1001 employees you shall employ 1 OSH professional with secondary education and 1 with tertiary education)

HAZARD CLASS II.

  • Between 1-9 employees, 1 OSH professional with secondary education in 1 hour a week
  • Between 10-49 employees, 1 OSH professional with secondary education in 1 hour a day
  • Between 50-500 employees, 1 OSH professional with secondary education in 2 hours a day
  • Between 501-1000 employees, 1 OSH professional with secondary education in full time
  • Above 1000 employees, 1 OSH professional with tertiary education in full time and
  • after every 800 employees 1-1 OSH professional with secondary education in full time. (So for example, at 1001 employees you shall employ 1 OSH professional with secondary education and 1 with tertiary education)

HAZARD CLASS III.

  • Between 1-9 employees, 1 OSH professional with secondary education in 1 hour a week
  • Between 10-49 employees, 1 OSH professional with secondary education in 1 hour a day
  • Between 50-500 employees, 1 OSH professional with secondary education in 1 hour a day
  • Between 501-1000 employees, 1 OSH professional with secondary education 4 hours a day
  • Above 1000 employees, 1 OSH professional with tertiary education in full time
 
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